Types of Eagles in Ohio

Types of Eagles in Ohio
Photo by Rachel McDermott on Unsplash

Eagles are magnificent species of birds of prey and are revered worldwide for their strength and beauty.

Several types of eagles in Ohio can be found, and they are important members of the state’s diverse ecosystem.

This article will give us an in-depth understanding of these types of eagles in Ohio. Read On!

1. Bald Eagle

American Bald Eagle

The Bald Eagle has several physical characteristics that make it unique and easily recognizable.


The Bald Eagle has a white head and tail feathers, a brown body, and wings. It has a distinctive yellow beak, talons, and feet.

The bird‘s head and tail feathers turn white at the age of four to five years.

Adults can grow to about 30-38 inches (76-96 cm) and weigh anywhere from 6.6 to 14 pounds (3-6 kg). Males are usually smaller than females.

Bald Eagles have a wingspan of 6 to 7 feet (1.8 to 2.1 m), making them one of North America’s largest birds of prey.

Their large wings allow them to soar and glide for long periods of time without flapping their wings.

The Bald Eagle’s feathers are designed for flight, with a dense layer of down feathers for insulation and waterproofing and long, broad feathers on the wings that help to generate lift.

The bird’s feathers also help to protect it from the cold, allowing it to survive in harsh winter conditions in Ohio and other northern regions.


These types of eagles in Ohios tend to be particular about their chosen habitat.

Dwelling areas ought to be easy to access for suitable nesting sites and availability of food sources.

These locations typically coincide with nearby forests, rivers, lakes, and marshes.

In Ohio, sightings have been recorded on several waterways – including Lake Erie, the Ohio River, and numerous small streams across the state. 

Bald Eagles’ populations dot various regions of Ohio, but primarily, they are situated along Lake Eries shoreline or near banks of the Ohio River.

But that doesn’t limit their reach! These adaptable creatures can also make nests within forests or nearby smaller rivers spread throughout the state. 

When choosing a location for nests, Bald Eagles seek out large trees near freshwater locations, which can quickly provide them with adequate prey.

They often nest alongside the Lake Erie shoreline, the Ohio River, and other small water bodies in Ohio.

Bald Eagles belong to migratory bird species traveling between northern breeding grounds and southern wintering habitats. 


Ohio offers a favorable climate and thriving food sources during winter, making it an attractive destination for these magnificent creatures.

Spring forward! During this time of year, stretching into summer, Bald Eagles flock to their northern habitats for breeding. 

These majestic types of eagles in Ohio are cunning hunters known for capitalizing on available prey; anything goes – fish, waterbirds, small mammals, etc.

You can spot these raptors diving headfirst into the water bodies in Ohio, searching for fishy meals, which they snatch using their formidable talons.

Additionally, they gobble up tasty treats, such as ducks or geese, that frequent these areas, along with little critters like squirrels and rabbits.

The hunting techniques of the Bald Eagle primarily involve diving into the water to snatch fish with its sharp talons.

Additionally, the birds may hunt from elevated perches and swoop down to catch prey they have spotted while in the air.


Bald Eagles are known to mate for life and create large stick nests in trees close to bodies of water which they return to year after year.

In Ohio, Bald Eagles are commonly spotted nesting in trees alongside the state’s multiple waterways.

Lastly, female Bald Eagles usually lay one to three eggs each year that both parents then incubate for approximately 35 days. 

When it comes to these types of eagles in Ohio, the hatching process begins an interesting phenomenon where one chick dominates its siblings, especially if it is first hatched.

As these birds grow, they develop from having downy feathers into soaring creatures that cannot fly for several months. 

To attain this level of growth, one’s parents provide nutrition throughout infancy until the full size is attained around three months old when fledging happens.

In the wild, these birds live up to 20 years, where they reproduce multiple times and ensure survival by hunting as usual which maintains physical strength.

2. Golden Eagle

Golden Eagle - Types of Hawks in Pennsylvania
by Jon David Nelson is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

Physical Appearance

These types of eagles in Ohio are endowed with rich brown plumage perfectly offset by their golden-yellow nape and a uniquely marked white tail.

Their impressive build caters to hunting needs, complemented by sharp talons and a hooked beak unmatched in prowess.

Wingspans spanning over six feet allow for effortlessly gliding through seemingly endless skies; females have more massive bodies at 31-33 inches on average, boasting wingspans of up to seven feet while weighing between seven to fourteen pounds.

The bird’s remarkable features make them recognizable even from afar, standing apart from other wildlife too! 


Although not often found in Ohio’s skies – these physical attributes are shared across this species as a whole: something important for those who want to understand all that is great about our natural world!

To thrive properly, these types of eagles in Ohio require large open spaces such as those found in mountains or deserts where prey is abundant enough, allowing them good opportunities for hunting while offering roomy territories for nesting.

They also need access to forests or other areas rich with small mammals and birds


These predatory birds’ diet consists of small mammals like rabbits or squirrels and reptiles or birds.

Utilizing powerful talons that allow them to capture their prey successfully, these species dive from high altitudes when hunting for food while also using sharp eyesight to spot potential prey over long distances, which is a remarkable attribute. 

These types of eagles in Ohio can be located more frequently within open areas like grasslands or farmlands- places where catching prey is more effortless due to better visibility.

Notably, solitary hunters don’t engage in pack hunting behavior. Instead, they tend toward territoriality, especially during the breeding season when aggressiveness increases.

This leads this species weighing between four and six kilograms (8-13 pounds), to attack any perceived threat to their nests. 


Golden eagles reproduce annually during a specific time frame between December through April in Ohio, where they establish territories; build sizable nests made of sticks & twigs, lining them with soft substances, including mosses/grasses/feathers.

The laying of one-to-three eggs follows, taking an average of forty-three to forty-five days’ duration for the completion of incubation tasks shared by male & female eagle parents alike. 

Once hatched out from these eggs, both mother & father provide food along with primary care to nurture offspring chicks who typically remain in nests for approximately ten-to-twelve weeks before sprouting wings/fluffing up new plumage.

After fledging, the young eagles remain dependent on their parents for several weeks before becoming independent.

Golden eagles typically reach sexual maturity at 4 to 5 years of age and have a lifespan of 20 to 30 years in the wild.


This article has listed the types of eagles in Ohio. Each has unique physical characteristics, habitat preferences, and hunting and reproductive habits.

The various species of eagles found in Ohio play important roles in maintaining the balance of their ecosystems and contributing to the state’s biodiversity. 

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