Types of Eagles in Pennsylvania

Types of Eagles in Pennsylvania
Photo by Elisa Stone on Unsplash

There are two types of eagles in Pennsylvania. You can easily spot two unique eagle species -The Bald Eagle and Golden Eagle. 

Albeit categorized under the same ‘eagle’ label, both creatures exude distinctive physical traits and behavioral patterns.

The Bald Eagles’ unparalleled white head feathers, sharp talons, and unparalleled vision is unmatched – a noteworthy feature that makes it an official symbol of American patriotism.

On the flip side – its Golden cousin dominates with its impressive stature adorned by golden-brown plumage that flaunts its ability to hunt prey effortlessly. 

Within this article, we will present an elaborate account of these types of eagles in Pennsylvania with their unique attributes, such as their physical appearance and habitat preference, which affect their behavioral patterns and conservation status.

1. Bald Eagle

Bald Eagle

The majestic Bald Eagle flaunts striking white head and tail feathers – true hallmarks of this species’ natural beauty.

However, beyond appearances lies an animal superbly adapted physiologically for hunting and surviving independently in the wilds where they exist. 

Physical Appearance

With remarkable wingspans that span seven feet in length and body lengths of two to three feet, these natural predators possess significant size that enables them to soar over long distances and execute game effortlessly easily.

These types of eagles in Pennsylvania weigh up to fourteen pounds, with females generally larger than their male counterparts.

At around 4-5 years of age, Bald Eagles begin developing their iconic white head and tail feathers which sets them apart from the juvenile birds who display a brown coloring without these striking features.

Thanks to their large hooked beak, these types of eagles in Pennsylvania can easily tear into their prey for consumption purposes whilst possessing powerful talons which incorporate sharp claws aiding grip and hold during hunting or defense activities over nests. 

Also, the Bald Eagle boasts sharp talons used both in hunting and self-defense purposefully.

A unique feature of this bird is its large eyes, sensitive enough to perceive even the slightest motions at significant distances.

It allows them to track prey effectively while spotting it from far-off locations. These impressive optics help these birds see fish swimming over a mile away! 


You should know that the Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) has a diverse diet that includes fish, mammals, reptiles, and birds.

Their feeding habits adapt based on the specific habitat and food availability. 

They feed on fish along the coast by diving into the water, swiftly grabbing their unsuspecting prey with their sharp talons, and swimming back to the surface.

They consume their meals in a safe location when necessary. They occasionally switch to small mammals like rabbits or squirrels if no other food options exist.

When hunting, Bald Eagles demonstrate impressive skills by using their powerful talons to snatch prey out of the air while diving from above.

During the winter, when food may be scarce, they target other birds, such as songbirds and waterfowl, for sustenance. 

In challenging times when live prey is not accessible, Bald Eagles rely on carrion or deceased animals as a critical means of survival.

Additionally, they display scavenging behavior by taking advantage of opportunities left behind by humans near fishing areas and other nearby predators.


During their intricate breeding cycle, these types of eagles in Pennsylvania typically breed from December to June, with peak season occurring in February and March.

They construct enormous nests called aeries near lakes, rivers, or coastal areas. 

Surprisingly, they recycle their nests each year, gradually adding to them until they become massive structures weighing hundreds of pounds, with diameters spanning several feet.

Another fascinating aspect is their courtship display, where they gracefully swoop over vast areas while emitting unique vocalizations. 

Bald Eagles form a strong bond with their mate, displaying a fierce loyalty that lasts until death separates them.

Females lay one to three white eggs, which both parents incubate for approximately 35 days.

The eggs are similar in size and hue to chicken eggs. The newly hatched eaglets are blind and covered in white down.

They receive food and care from both parents for about ten to twelve weeks before leaving the nest, although parental protection continues until they mature enough to hunt prey on their own.

Independent breeding typically begins when juvenile Bald Eagles reach sexual maturity at around 4 to 5 years old.

This involves an elaborate nest construction process, forming lifelong bonds with their mates, and raising their young.

Successful reproduction has played a vital role in the adaptability and visibility of the Bald Eagle population, making them one of the most prominent among the types of eagles in Pennsylvania.

2. Golden Eagle

Golden Eagle

The Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) stands out among other raptors in North America, including Pennsylvania, with its distinct golden brown plumage, sharp talons, and broad wingspan. It is an apex predator in the food chain, hunting small mammals and other birds. 

Physical Appearance

With an impressive seven-foot wingspan, it is one of North America’s largest birds of prey.

Its features include a brownish-black body, dark brown wings, and a golden-brown head and neck.

Juvenile golden eagles resemble adults but have white tails with black stripes. 

These types of eagles in Pennsylvania possess powerful wings for effortless soaring and gliding through the air.

When diving to capture their prey, they can reach incredible speeds of up to 200 miles per hour.

Golden eagles, with their sharp talons and hooked beaks, are highly skilled hunters capable of easily capturing and killing prey.

They have excellent eyesight, even in densely forested areas, allowing them to spot high-resolution targets and track multiple objects simultaneously.

Their strong wingspan and talons further contribute to their effectiveness as predators.

These types of eagles in Pennsylvania demonstrate their hunting prowess by preying on various creatures, including small mammals like squirrels and rabbits, birds such as pigeons and waterfowl, and even reptiles like snakes and lizards.

While they primarily prioritize hunting live game, they also engage in scavenging when food becomes scarce.

Golden eagles possess exceptional visual acuity, allowing them to locate prey from considerable distances, even in challenging environments.

Their ability to adjust each eye independently enables them to navigate obstacles effortlessly while tracking multiple targets.


The breeding behaviors of golden eagles are fascinating as they form lifelong partnerships and establish wide territories to ensure the survival of their offspring.

Breeding season typically occurs in spring, with females laying one to three eggs in carefully crafted nests fortified with soft materials.

Both parents take turns incubating the eggs for approximately 45 days until the hatchlings emerge. 

Throughout this period, the parents provide consistent heat and protection, with both male and female eagles fiercely guarding their young.

After around ten to twelve weeks, the fledglings take their first flight, and the parents continue to provide food for several more weeks until the young eagles develop their hunting skills.


Eagles are renowned for their awe-inspiring characteristics; intimidating size, incredible hunting skills, and breathtaking strength.

These types of eagles in Pennsylvania are known for forming lifelong partnerships and establishhing wide territories to ensure the survival of their offspring.

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