6 Different Types of Guinea Fowl

Photo by Duncan McNab

Guinea fowl are birds that are compared with chickens. They are from the family Numididae and belong to the order Galliformes along with chicken, peacock, and turkey. While there are different types of guinea fowl, we’ll discuss six of them in this article. 

Guinea fowl are endemic and found in warm and tropical forests, scrublands, farmlands, and sub-Saharan Africa. They resemble chicken and serve as meat. Also, they are most widespread among other species. 

Moreover, guinea fowl are very versatile and have time for their productions. They lay eggs like chickens, but they have their own time of laying, based on the climate.

Guinea fowls are significant, with the females slightly heavier than the males. They live in groups, various large flocks, and maximum mate for life.

Let us discuss six types of Guinea fowls. Keep reading!!!

1. Black Guinea Fowl

The black guinea fowl is also among the types of guinea fowl. They are easy to manage and do not require ample space for rearing like other birds. So, non-experienced farmers can raise black guinea fowl and rest assured that their birds will be safe.

You’ll find black guinea fowls in many countries in West Central Africa, including Angola, Gabon, Nigeria, Congo, and Cameron. They are shyer than the other types, live in small groups or pairs, and are resistant to diseases. 

Black guinea fowls feed on insects, seeds, tiny frogs, tapeworms, and other forest vegetation. They like to hide in forests and prefer thick forest floors to spots. Further, they are 17 inches high with black bodies and redheads.

2. Plumed Fowl

The plumed guinea fowl is a gaming bird found in America but mainly in central Africa. It is a large bird with white marks, black feathers, and a striking large plume of black feathers on its head.

The plumed guinea fowl is 17 inches high, a shy bird, poor in flying, had always hidden on the forest floor. But recently, people have started rearing it in the farm backyard.

However, due to its shy and discreet nature, the plumed guinea fowl might never be fully domesticated like other guinea fowl birds.

3. White-Breasted Guinea Fowl

The white-breasted guinea fowl originated in subtropical west African forests. It is classified as vulnerable often because its rapid population worsened over the last three generations. So, it is at risk of becoming extinct. 

The medium-sized white-breasted guinea fowl is around 17 inches in length and can weigh up to 4 kilograms. However, the size of male and female white-breasted are highly different.

The white-breasted guinea fowl live in groups of at least 20 and grow better on farmland when there are many. Also, it might not be quiet because it calls out whenever it warns about something new.

4. Vulturine Guinea Fowl

Vulturine guinea fowl are found in northeast Africa, from southern Ethiopia through Kenya. This type of guinea fowl bird is the largest species of guinea fowl. It has a bright blue color and white streaks with a little white dot on the back feathers.

Vulturine guinea fowl is one of the unique varieties of guineas. They live in large, sexually mixed groups (male and female), with a particular preference for certain other groups. 

The vulturine guinea fowl can also fly, but they prefer running when in danger. They always fight each other to death when it comes to food and roosting places because they always roost on a tree at night.

These species are strong and can survive for a long time without drinking water. Also, they differ from other species and feed on many foods, like insects, fruits, rodents, seeds, and some reptiles.

5. Helmeted Guinea Fowl

The helmeted guinea fowl is a unique and easily recognizable bird that is a native bird of Africa. They are predominately ground scavengers, where they almost spend their time, and they have been widely domesticated.

You can find this species throughout the world on farmland for rearing as meat and food and also serve as income for the farmers.

Also, helmeted guinea fowls prefer walking to flying and can walk up to 10km per day. It’s not that they can’t fly, but they always fly and run when they are in danger. 

They feed on rodents, fruits, insects, roots, potatoes, and reptiles. Helmet guinea fowls also feed on ticks; that’s why farmers raise them in the area where ticks disturb cows. Moreover, they live in a large group of fewer than 30 pieces.

6. Crested Guinea Fowl

The crested guinea fowl is the last on our list of types of guinea fowl. It is one of the more giant birds on the ground in South Africa.

Also, it is among the members of Numididae, the family of guinea fowl. It has rare black hair on the top of its head and is small-headed.

This guinea fowl has a ridiculous-looking plum above the neck face, which is ivory colored bill and red eye. It has three significant colors on its body which are red, blue, and black, but it depends on each geographical area. 

Crested guinea fowl feed on many plants and animals, scratching through elephant and rhino dungs. Also, it always looks for undigested seeds and insects.

However, they can fly 100m before they land, and they are solid and fast but not sustainable and fly to avoid predators. Crested guinea is known to be on lowland, woodland, and in the forest.


These types of guinea fowl are easy and reliable in raising meat and egg. So yours is to choose the best suit for your climatic environment and the one that will be profitable for you.

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